Note: These references have been submitted by Alliance members and have not been edited for accuracy or for uniformity of format.

References Relevant to Disability in Health Care Education

Andrew NR, Siegel BS, Politch L, & Coulter D. (1998). Teaching medical students about children with developmental disabilities, Ambulatory Child health, 4, 307-316.

Antonak and Livneh, Measurement of attitudes toward persons with disabilities, Disab and Rehab, 2000, vol 22(5) 211-224.

Brown, R.S., Graham, C.L., Richeson, N., Wu, J. and McDermott, S. (2010). Evaluation of medical student performance on Objective Structured Clinical Exams with standardized patients with and without disabilities. Academic Medicine, 85, 1766-1771.

Byron M, et al. What does ‘disability’ mean for medical students? An exploration of the words medical students assoc with the term ‘disability’, Medical Education, 2005 Vol 39: m176-183

Conill A. (1998). Living with disability: A proposal for medical education. Journal of the American Medical Association, 279, 83.

Crotty M, Finucane P, & Ahern M. (2000). Teaching medical students about disability and rehabilitation: methods and student feedback. Medical Education, 34, 659-664.

Developmental Disabilities Nursing Courses – Web-based Courseware: (75 hours of modules about nursing and developmental disabilities)

Eddey, G.E., Robey, K.L. and McConnell, J. (1998). Increasing medical students’ self-perceived skill and comfort in examining persons with severe disabilities” The use of standardized patients who are nonverbal due to cerebral palsy. Academic Medicine, 73 (October supplement), 106-108.

Eddey, G.E. and Robey, K.L. (2005). Considering the culture of disability in cultural competence education. Academic Medicine, 80, 706-712.

Hahn, J.E., Willis, MA. (2004). Multimedia web-based courseware in intellectual and developmental disabilities nursing: from concept to development. International Journal of Nursing in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. (Online publication date: 16-April-2004).

Hahn, J. E. (2003). Addressing the Need for Education: Curriculum Development for Nurses about Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Nursing Clinics of North America, 38,185-204.

Iezzoni LI. (1998). What should I say? communication around disability. Annals of Internal Medicine, 129(8), 661-665.

Iezzoni LI. (2006). Going beyond disease to address disability. New England Journal of Medicine, 355(10): 976-979.

Jain, S. (2006). Care of patients with disabilities: An important and often ignored aspect of family medicine teaching. Fam Med, 38(1): 13-15.

Jain, S. (2007). Teaching learners to care for children and youth with special health care needs. Fam Med, 39(1): 85-87.

Kahn P. (August, 2003). Teaching tomorrow’s docs. New Mobility (popular magazine).

Kirschner, K.L. and Curry, R.H. (2009). Educating health care professionals to care for patients with disabilities. JAMA, 302(12), 1334-1335.

Lindgren, C. and Oermann, M.H. (1993). Effects of an educational intervention on students’ attitudes toward the disabled. Journal of Nursing Education, 32:121-126.

Long-Bellil, L.M., O’Connor, D., Robey, K.L., Hahn, J.E., Minihan, P.M., Graham, C.L. & Smeltzer, S. (2011). Defining disability in health care education. Academic Medicine, 86(9), 1066-1068.

Long-Bellil, L.M., Robey, K.L., Graham, C.L., Minihan, P.M., Smeltzer, S. & Kahn, P. (2011). Teaching medical students about disability: The use of standardized patients. Academic Medicine, 86(9), 1171-1178.

Martin et al, CP: What do Med students know and believe? J Paediatr Child Health 2005 vol 41, 43-47

Minihan PM, Bradshaw YS, Long LM, Altman W, Perduta-Fulginiti S., et al. (2004). Teaching About Disability: Involving Patients with Disabilities as Medical Educators. Disability Studies Quarterly, 24(4) online []

Minihan, P.M., Robey, K.L., Long-Bellil, L.M., Graham, C.L., Hahn, J.E., Woodard, L., and Eddey, G. (2011). Outcomes of disability-related training for the generalist physician: An exploration of the contributions of knowledge, attitudes and skills. Academic Medicine, 86(9), 1163-1170.

Nehring, W. Core Curriculum for Specializing in Intellectual and Developmental Disability. Jones and Bartlett (book)

Oermann, M.H. and Lindgren C.L. (1995). An educational program’s effects of students’ attitudes toward people with disabilities: A 1-year follow-up. Rehabilitation Nursing, 20, 6-10.

Paris MJ (1993). Attitudes of medical students and health-care professionals toward people with disabilities. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 74, 818-825.

Parking K, & Stein A. (2001). The Experience of Illness module for beginning medical students. Academic medicine, 76(5), 502.

Robey, K.L., Beckley, L. and Kirschner, M. (2006). Implicit infantilizing attitudes about disability. Journal of Developmental dna Physical Disability, 18, 441-453.

Robey, K.L., Gwiazda, J.A. and Morse, J.S. (2001). Nursing students’ self-attributions of skill, comfort, and approach when imagined caring for persons with severe developmental disabilities. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 13, 361-371.

Saketoo et al Effects of a disability awareness and skills training workshop on Sr. Med students…Teaching and Learning in Med 2004 Vol 16(4) 345-354

Smith MCA, & Hasnip JH (1991). The lessons of deafness: deafness awareness and communication skills training with medical students. Medical Education, 25, 319-321.

Surgeon General’s call to action in 2005

Tervo et al, Med students attitudes toward PWD a comparative study, Arch Phys Med Rehab 2002 Vol 83: 1537-1542

Van Boxtel, A.M., Napholz, L. and Gnewikow, D. (1995). Using a wheelchair activity as a learning experience for student nurses. Rehabilitation Nursing, 20: 265-267, 273.